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Formatting guidelines for electronic versions of manuscripts


Information mail

License agreement

RULES OF ARTICLE

(Compiled with the requirements of the “Common requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals” developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE))

 

General rules

The length of the original articles is 7-10 A4 pages, including tables, illustrations, references. The article should not exceed 20,000 printed characters, including spaces. For reviewing articles – 12-20 pages of A4 format, including tables, illustrations, and a list of references. A larger volume of articles with original researches is allowed individually, as decided by the Editorial Board.

The article to be sent to the Journal should be carefully edited and verified by the authors. The language of presentation should be clear and understandable to most readers.

The work should use the international system of units (SI). If the study was carried out on devices that give indicators in other units, the latter should be transferred to the SI system with an indication in the Materials and Methods section of the conversion factor or the computer program in which this conversion was made.

In the text of the article only generally accepted abbreviations are allowed. Abbreviations are included in the text only after their first mention with full decoding, e.g.: high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Mathematical formulas are desirable to prepare in specialized mathematical computer programs, chemical formulas – using the formula editor.

 

Technical rules for the design of the text

  • A manuscript must be created in a Microsoft Word format (doc, docx).
  • Page Settings:
    • А4;
    • all fields – 2 cm.
  • Font: Times New Roman; size 14 pt; in the table – 12 pt; in captions – 10-12 pt.
    • indent 1,25 mm;
    • alignment – in width;
    • single line spacing.
  • Formulas are typed in the Word Formula Editor, formulas can only be created in one line, formulas made in the form of figures are not accepted, formulas are separated from the text by a blank line.

 

Article structure

 

  • Title of the article
  • Place of work of each author and his/her postal address
  • E-mail of the author responsible for the correspondence
  • The aim of the study
  • Materials and methods
  • Results and discussion
  • Reporting a possible conflict of interest
  • Information about the authors

 

UDC

When submitting an article, it is necessary to report the article indices (UDC) on the tables of the Universal Decimal Classification available in libraries.

 

Title of the article

The title of the article should be informative and short enough, and also reflect the research area of the Journal, in which the authors plan to publish their work.

 

Authors

Initials are indicated first, then the last name.

 

Work place of the author and it’s postal address

We ask to indicate the full name of the main place of work of each of the authors (indicating the organizational form).

Postal address is indicated in the following order: home, street, city, country, zip code.

 

E-mail of the author responsible for the correspondence

E-mail address is required. Through the author responsible for the correspondence, controversial issues are resolved, the editors will send him/ her information on the promotion of the article, its review, and its publication.

 

Abstract

The abstract volume should be 250 words (from 200 to 300 words). The abstract should briefly describe the subject of the article and the main results contained therein. The abstract should not contain references to literature and abbreviations (if possible).

The abstract should be structured and necessarily contain selected sections:

 

  • The aim of the study
  • Materials and methods

 

Keywords

Keywords verified by MESH are placed immediately after the abstract. They should facilitate the indexing of articles in information retrieval systems. Emphasis should be placed on new and important aspects of research or observation. Keywords are written with a semicolon, there is no full stop at the end of the sentence.

 

Introduction

The introduction briefly but succinctly highlights the problem / state of the issue with links to the most significant publications of the last 5 years, with an emphasis on publications over the latest 2-3 years, demonstrating the need for research.

 

The aim of the study

The author in 2-3 sentences formulates a solvable hypothesis or problem, highlighting the ultimate goal of the work.

 

Materials and methods

This section includes a detailed description of the equipment used and research methods, criteria for selecting animals and patients, the number and characteristics of patients, broken down by sex and age, if required for the study. Be sure to indicate the principle of dividing patients into groups, as well as the design of the study. All drugs and chemicals used in the course of work should be mentioned, including their international non-proprietary (common) name, doses, and routes of administration.

This section should contain maximum information. This approach is necessary for the subsequent possible reproduction of the results by other researchers, as well as a comparison of the results of similar studies.

The same section provides information on the observance of ethical principles (both local and international: compliance with the ethical principles of the European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals, the Helsinki Declaration, and an informed consent of the patient).

The section must indicate which methods of data processing the author used.

 

Results and discussion

This section shows the actual results of the study. The data is presented in logical sequence in the form of short descriptions with graphs, tables and figures, if necessary. In the discussion, it is recommended to highlight new aspects of the results of the study, their analysis and interpretation, as well as their comparison with data from other researchers, suggestions for their practical application or direction of future research. In the discussion, the author should not repeat the information given in other sections of the article.

 

Conclusion

The conclusion is written consecutively on the points, each of which characterizes the degree of fulfillment of the tasks set by the author, the level of the achieved results. Or, in one or two sentences, it is necessary to summarize the work done: what results have been obtained, what they may indicate or what they may mean, what goals they serve, and what opportunities they reveal.

In conclusion, it is necessary to reflect the prospects for the use of results.

 

Funding

This information is given in a compressed form with reference to the full name of the fund / grant, with an indication of the assigned number and deadline.

 

Reporting a possible conflict of interest

A conflict of interest regarding a particular manuscript occurs when one of the participants in the review or publication process – the author, reviewer, or editor – has obligations that could affect his or her opinion (even if this does not happen in reality). The most common cause of a conflict of interest is financial relations (for example, related to employment, counseling, share ownership, payment of fees and paid expert opinions), direct or through close relatives. Other reasons are possible: personal relationships, scientific rivalry, and intellectual bias.

 

References

References for an original article must include at least 10 sources, references for a reviewed article – at least 30 sources. References are compiled in the order mentioned in the text of the article. In the text of the article, references are given in Arabic numerals in square brackets.

IMPORTANT! When making a list of references for each source, you must specify the DOI, if available.

References are made according to the requirements of NLM. The details on the rules for the design of literature on this standard can be found in «Citation Medicine», second edition: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7256/.  

The resource is regularly updated as the media evolves and now includes a manual for printed documents; unpublished material; audio and visual media; material on CD-ROM, DVD or discs; materials on the Internet.

 

References example in accordance with the NLM requirements:

Article with 1-3 authors:

MacGregor RJ. A functional view of consciousness and its relations in brain. J Integr Neurosci. 2004;3(3):253–266.

Article with 4 or more authors:

Meneton P, Jeunemaitre X, de Wardener HE, et al. Links between dietary salt intake, renal salt handling, blood pressure, and cardiovascular diseases. Physiol Rev. 2005;85:679–715.

Article in a different language (not in English):

Bikbov MM, Khalimov AR, Bikbova GM, et al. [Dynamics of the riboflavin content in the moisture of the anterior chamber of the rabbit eye with transepithelial saturation of the cornea]. Meditsinskii vestnik Bashkorkostana. 2013;8(4):58-61. Russian.

Article in the online journal:

Grady D. Jump in doctor visits and deaths in flu season. New York Times [Internet]. 2008 Apr 18 [cited 2008 Dec 19];Research:[about 4 screens]. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/18/health/research/18flu.html?scp=7&sq=f lu%20season&st=cse

Hong J, Zhong T, Li H, et al. Ambient air pollution, weather changes, and outpatient visits for allergic conjunctivitis: A retrospective registry study. Scientific Reports [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2018 March 27];6. Available from: https://www.nature.com/articles/srep23858.

 

Book with 1-3 authors:

Brown AF. Accident and emergency: diagnosis and management. 4th ed. New York (NY): Arnold; 2002.

Book with 4 or more authors:

Wenger NK, Sivarayan Froelicher E, Smith LK, et al. Cardiac rehabilitation. Rockville (MD): Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (US); 1995.

Book with editors:

Mark BS, Incorvaia J, editors. The handbook of infant, child, and adolescent psychotherapy. Northvale (NJ): Jason Aronson Inc.; 1995–1997.

 

Conference:

Dostorovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17–22; San Diego, CA. Seattle (WA): IASP Press; 2003.

Abstracts in the collection of conference materials:

Rice AS, Farquhar-Smith WP, Bridges D, et al. Canabinoids and pain. In: Dostorovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17–22; San Diego, CA. Seattle (WA): IASP Press; 2003. P. 437–468.

Abstracts in the conference proceedings in a different language (not in English):

Simonyan EV, Yurkova EA, Karagezova ST, et al. [Determination of flavonoids in bee products]. In: [Scientific discussion: questions of medicine]. Proceedings of I International Correspondence Scientific and Practical Conference. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnyy zaochnyy tsentr nauki i obrazovaniya; 2012. Russian.

 

Website:

BIRDNET [Internet]. Washington (DC): Ornithological Council; c1999–2006 [updated 2006 Dec 8; cited 2007 Feb 20]. Available from: http://www.nmnh.si.edu/BIRDNET/

 

Dissertation:

Zhao C. Development of nanoelectrospray and application to protein research and drug discovery [dissertation]. Buffalo (NY): State University of New York at Buffalo; 2005.

 

Brief requirements and more detailed NLM style examples are provided in Annex 4.

 

Information about the authors

Full name, academic degree, academic title, position, place of work. In the case of co-authors, postgraduate students – their full name, year of study, direction of training, educational program, place of study. In the case of co-authors, students – full name, course, direction of training, place of study.

 

Tables

Tables should contain only the necessary data and be generalized. They must contain statistically processed materials. Each table is provided with a heading and inserted into the text after the paragraph with the first reference to it.

 

Pictures

The amount of graphic material should be minimal. Each drawing must have a caption (under the drawing), in which an explanation of all its elements is given. Below, the inscription is duplicated in English. To build graphs and charts, use the Microsoft Office Excel. Each figure is inserted into the text as a Microsoft Office Excel object.

 

All materials should be sent to the editors by e-mail:  malyutina_a@bsu.edu.ru  or RR_MedPharm@bsu.edu.ru

The articles that are not written according to the rules are not considered. It is not allowed to send to the editor the works that were previously sent to other publishers or published in them.

In the case of correct design and acceptance of the article for publication, the Editorial Board sends the author a form of the License Agreement with the Journal to be completed and signed.

The author, presenting the text of the work for publication in the Journal, guarantees the correctness of all information about himself/ herself, the absence of plagiarism and other forms of illegal borrowing in the manuscript of the work. The authors of the published materials are responsible for the selection and accuracy of the facts, quotes, statistics, and other information. The editors are not responsible for the accuracy of the information provided by the authors. The author, sending the manuscript to the Editorial Office, accepts personal responsibility for the originality of the study, is responsible for copyright infringement before third parties, and entrusts the editors to publicize the work through its publication in print.

 

The data about the author. The data (Annex 1) necessary for interaction with the author are attached to the article as a separate file.

 

 

 

 

Annex 1

The data about the author

 

ФИО (полностью) / Surname, First name (in full)

 

Место работы, организация, подразделение (полностью) / Place of work, Organization, Department

 

Должность/Job title

 

Ученая степень/Academic degree, ученое звание/Academic rank

 

Почтовый адрес с индексом / Postal address (with a zip code)

 

Телефоны с указанием кода города /

Telephone (with an area code)

Рабочий / Work

 

Домашний, сотовый / Home, mobile

 

E-mail

 

skype

 

Серия журнала / Publishing series

 

Направление журнала / Research area of the Journal

 

Название статьи / Title of the article

 

 

 

Annex 2

 

SCHEDULE OF THE ORGANIZATION OF THE ISSUE OF THE JOURNAL

«RESEARCH RESULTS IN BIOMEDICINE»

ISSUE NUMBER

MONTH OF PUBLICATION

PUBLICATION ONLINE

№ 1

January-March

 until March 30

№ 2

April-June

until June 30

№ 3

July-September

 until September 30

№ 4

October-December

until December 30

 

 

 

 

 

Annex3

 

typography sample of the article

 

UDC616.346.2-002

 

ARTICLETITLE

 

Ivan I. Ivanov1,2, Petr P. Petrov1, Semen S. Sidorov2

 

1 Organization name,

house, street, city, country, index

2 Belgorod State National Research University,

85 Pobedy St., Belgorod, 308015, Russia

Corresponding author: Ivan I. Ivanov (adrespochta@bsu.edu.ru)

 

Abstract

Background: Text. Text. Text. The aim of the study: Text. Text. Text. Materials and methods: Text. Text. Text. Results: Text. Text. Text. Conclusion: Text. Text. Text.

Keywords: text; text; text

 

Introduction. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text.

The aim of the study. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text.

Materials and methods. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text.

Results and discussion. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text.

 

 

Text

Text

Text

Text

Fig. 1. Picture name

 

 

Table 1

Table name

 

12 pt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: text, text, text.

 

Conclusion. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text. Text.

 

References

1.

 

 

Ivan I. Ivanov, Doctor of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Professor, Professor of the Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Belgorod State National Research University.

Petr P. Petrov, 1st-year Post-graduate Student of the direction 33.06.01 Pharmacy, Educational Program: Technology of Pharmaceutical Manufacturing, Belgorod State National Research University.

Semen S. Sidorov, 4th-year Student of the Direction 33.05.01 Pharmacy, Belgorod State National Research University.

 

Annex 4

 

 

Design of References according to NLM style

 

Journal

Journal titles

Journal titles are abbreviated according to ISO 4. See http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/

Journal title abbreviations should not include full points, except at the end of the title; see examples below. Do not abbreviate journal titles consisting of a single word.

Issue numbers

The month is omitted if the journal is continuously paginated throughout the volume. The issue number can be omitted if the journal is paginated consecutively through the volume, but it is not incorrect to include it.

DOIs

There is no need to include the DOI numbers for published articles; they will be added as links in any online version of the article during the production process.

Basic format (with one author)

Author AA. Title of article. Abbreviated Journal Title. Date;volume(number):pages.

MacGregor RJ. A functional view of consciousness and its relations in

brain. J Integr Neurosci. 2004;3(3):253–266.

Two authors

Prokai-Tatrai K, Prokai L. Modifying peptide properties by prodrug design for enhanced transport into the CNS. Prog Drug Res. 2003;61:155–188.

Three authors

Veronesi U, Maisonneuve P, Decensi A. Tamoxifen: an enduring star. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007;99(4):258–260.

More than three authors

Meneton P, Jeunemaitre X, de Wardener HE, et al. Links between dietary salt intake, renal salt handling, blood pressure, and cardiovascular diseases. Physiol Rev. 2005;85:679–715.

Organization as author

American Diabetes Association. Diabetes update. Nursing. 2003 Nov;Suppl:19–20, 24.

No author

Pelvic floor exercise can reduce stress incontinence. Health News. 2005;11(4):11.

Not in English

Translate non-English titles into English where possible; place the translation in square brackets. Place the original language title or romanized title before the translation. Capitalize only the first word of the title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms unless the conventions of a particular language require other capitalization. Indicate the language after the pagination:

Berrino F, Gatta G, Crosignani P. [Case-control evaluation of screening efficacy]. Epidemiol Prev. 2004;28:354–359. Italian.

Wilkniss SM, Hunter RH, Silverstein SM. Traitement multimodal de l’agressivité et de la violence chez des personnes souffrant de psychose [Multimodal treatment of aggression and violence in individuals with psychosis]. Santé Ment Que. 2004 Autumn;29(2):143–174. French.

Article published online only or online ahead of placement in an issue

Include any date of update or revision and a date of citation in square brackets following the date of publication. Use the dates for the individual journal article being cited.

If the location (pagination) of the article is not provided, provide the DOI or URL of the article. Do not include a full point at the end of DOI or URL addresses.

Author B. Title of article. Abbreviated Journal Title. Year [cited date]; [page length]. DOI:00.0000

Not the Version of Record (including the Author’s Manuscript Online, Advanced Author’s Version, etc.)

Author AA. Article title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Forthcoming. [cited Date]:[pages]. [Format] available at [URL or DOI]

Zheng H, Ng F, Liu Y, et al. Spatial and circadian regulation of cry in Drosophila. J Biol Rhythms. Forthcoming. [cited 2008 Aug 11]:[18 p.]. Author’s manuscript available at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmed id=18663236 PubMed Central; PMCID: PMC2504742.

Supplementarymaterial

If a journal article has supplemental material accompanying it in the form of

a CD-ROM, DVD, or other medium, begin by citing the article. Add the phrase “Accompanied by:” followed by a description of the medium.

Author AH. Article title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Date;volume(number):pages. Accompanied by: Video on CD-ROM. 

Article type

An article type alerts the user that the reference is to something other than a full article. Place, e.g., [abstract], [book review] or [letter] after the article title:

Author K. Article title [book review]. Abbreviated Journal Title. Date;volume(number):pages.

Book

Place of publication

Always list the town or city, and always include the two-letter state abbreviation for US and Canadian cities. Include the country name for other countries only to avoid ambiguity:

Cambridge (MA) Cambridge (UK)

If more than one place of publication is found, use the first listed place of publication.

If no place of publication can be found but can be reasonably inferred, enclose it in square brackets, e.g. [Chicago (IL)]. If no place of publication can be found or inferred, use [place unknown].

Publisher

Abbreviate well-known publisher names, e.g. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. may become simply Wiley. If no publisher can be determined, use the words “publisher unknown” enclosed in square brackets.

Page numbers

Note that page numbers in the reference list are different from those in the text, with a space before the page number. Do not elide page number ranges. Use an unspaced en dash between page numbers.

In the text and in the reference list NLM uses p. rather than pp.

Basic format (with one author)

Author AA. Book title: and subtitle. Place: Publisher; Year.

Jenkins PF. Making sense of the chest x-ray: a hands-on guide. New York (NY): Oxford University Press; 2005.

Two authors

Van de Velde R, Degoulet P. Clinical information systems: a component- based approach. New York (NY): Springer; 2003.

Three authors

Hamric AB, Spross JA, Hanson CM. Advanced practice nursing: an integrative approach. 3rd ed. St. Louis (MO): Elsevier Saunders; 2005.

More than three authors

Wenger NK, Sivarajan Froelicher E, Smith LK, et al. Cardiac rehabilitation. Rockville (MD): Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (US); 1995.

Organization as an author

Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001.

No author

HIV/AIDS resources: a nationwide directory. 10th ed. Longmont (CO): Guides for Living; 2004.

Edition

Brown AF. Accident and emergency: diagnosis and management. 4th ed. New York (NY): Arnold; 2002.

Chapter in authored book

Author AA. Book title: and subtitle. Place: Publisher; Year. Chapter number, Chapter title; p. 00–00.

Riffenburgh RH. Statistics in medicine. 2nd ed. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier Academic Press; 2006. Chapter 24, Regression and correlation methods; p. 447–486.

Edited

Kruger L, editor. Pain and touch. San Diego (CA): Academic Press; 1996.

Mark BS, Incorvaia J, editors. The handbook of infant, child, and adolescent psychotherapy. Northvale (NJ): Jason Aronson Inc.; 1995– 1997.

Chapter in edited book

Author AA, Author BB. Chapter title. In: Editor EE, editor. Book title. Place: Publisher; Year. p. 000–000.

Sumner P, Mollon JD. Did primate trichromacy evolve for frugivory or folivory? In: Mollon JD, Pokorny J, Knoblauch K, editors. Normal and defective colour vision. New York (NY): Oxford University Press; 2003. p. 21–30.

A single volume from a multi-volume work

Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Book title. Vol. 0, Volume title. Place: Publisher; Year.

Author JH, Author MJ, Author DJ. Book title. 0th ed. Vol. 0, Volume title. Place: Publisher; Year.

Bradley WG, Daroff RB, Fenichel GM, et al., editors. Neurology in clinical practice. 4th ed. Vol. 1, Principles of diagnosis and management.

Philadelphia (PA): Butterworth-Heinemann; 2004.

Series

Editor SH, Editor MW, editors. Book title. Place: Publisher; Year. (Series editor(s) optional. Series title; volume or number).

Author SH, Author MW. Book title. Place: Publisher; Year. (Series editor(s) optional. Series title; volume or number).

Frank RG, Baum A, Wallander JL, editors. Models and perspectives in health psychology. Washington (DC): American Psychological Association; 2004. (Boll TJ, editor. Handbook of clinical health psychology; vol. 3).

Indryan A, Sarmukaddam SB. Medical biostatistics. New York (NY): Marcel Dekker; 2001. (Biostatistics; 7).

Translated

Flaws B, translator. The classic of difficulties: a translation of the Nan Jing. 3rd ed. Boulder (CO): Blue Poppy Press; 2004.

Luzikov VN. Mitochondrial biogenesis and breakdown. Galkin AV, translator; Roodyn DB, editor. New York (NY): Consultants Bureau; 1985.

Not in English

Translate non-English titles into English where possible; place the translation in square brackets. Place the original language title or romanized title before the translation. Capitalize only the first word of the title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms and initialisms unless the conventions of a particular language require other capitalization. Indicate the language after the year:

Ochoa S. Base molecular de la expresion del mensaje genetico [Molecular basis of gene expression]. Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas; 2000. Spanish.

Online (e-book)

Cite e-books as books (above).

For other online resources see Online sources below.

Conference

Conference details

Please note that in the following reference types the conference name should be followed by the date in [yyyy mm dd–dd] format, followed by the place in which the conference is held.

The conference place should include the town or city followed by the US state code or country after a comma rather than in brackets.

[authors or editors] [Conference title]; [year] [abbreviated month] [day(s)]; [town or city], [state or country].

If the reference also includes a place of publication, this should follow the rules as given above for book references, with any state or country included placed in brackets.

Proceedings

Dostorovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17–22; San Diego, CA. Seattle (WA): IASP Press; 2003.

Satoh K, Suzuki S, Matsunaga M, editors. Advances in brain research: cerebrovascular disorders and neurodegeneration. Proceedings of the 6th Hirosaki International Forum of Medical Science; 2002 Oct 15–16; Hirosaki, Japan. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier; 2003. (Excerpta Medica international congress series; 1251).

Paper in proceedings

Rice AS, Farquhar-Smith WP, Bridges D, et al. Canabinoids and pain. In: Dostorovsky JO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002 Aug 17–22; San Diego, CA. Seattle (WA): IASP Press; 2003. p. 437–468.

Horrobin DF, Lampinskas P. The commercial development of food plants used as medicines. In: Prendergast HD, Etkin NL, Harris DR, et al., editors. Plants for food and medicine. Proceedings of the Joint Conference of the Society for Economic Botany and the International Society for Ethnopharmacology; 1996 Jul 1–6; London. London: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; 1998. p. 75–81.

Presentation

Presentations and posters should also include the stream in which they were presented if available.

Patrias K. Computer-compatible writing and editing. Paper presented at: Interacting with the digital environment: modern scientific publishing. 46th Annual Meeting of the Council of Science Editors; 2003 May 3–6; Pittsburgh, PA.

Poster

Chasman J, Kaplan RF. The effects of occupation on preserved cognitive functioning in dementia. Poster session presented at: Excellence in clinical practice. 4th Annual Conference of the American Academy of Clinical Neuropsychology; 2006 Jun 15–17; Philadelphia, PA.

Thesis

PhD

Zhao C. Development of nanoelectrospray and application to protein research and drug discovery [dissertation]. Buffalo (NY): State University of New York at Buffalo; 2005.

Master's

Roguskie JM. The role of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1244 pilin glycan in virulence [master’s thesis]. Pittsburgh (PA): Duquesne University; 2005.

Unpublished work

Forthcoming article

Author G, Author JB, Author DA. Article title. Abbreviated Journal Title. Forthcoming Year.

Do not include as forthcoming any articles that have been submitted for publication but have not yet been accepted for publication.

Forthcoming book

Do not include as forthcoming any books that have been submitted for publication but have not yet been accepted for publication.

Author MI, Author MK. Book title. Place: Publisher. Forthcoming Year. If no date is predicted, end with Forthcoming.

Manuscript (e.g. submitted article, not yet accepted)

Author T. Title of manuscript. Year. Number of pages p. Located at: Web address

Online sources

Website

Website name [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Year [cited Date]. Available from: Web address

StatePublicHealth.org [Internet]. Washington (DC): ASTHO; [cited 2007 Feb 23]. Available from: http://statepublichealth.org/

BIRDNET [Internet]. Washington (DC): Ornithological Council; c1999–2006 [updated 2006 Dec 8; cited 2007 Feb 20]. Available from: http://www.nmnh.si.edu/BIRDNET/

Web page

To cite only one component of a website, such as a specific page or pages, first determine whether or not the component can stand alone and be cited separately. Enter the title of the part as it appears on the website.

AMA: helping doctors help patients [Internet]. Chicago (IL): American Medical Association; c1995–2007. AMA launches exclusive partnership for medical professionals; 2007 Mar 26 [cited 2007 Mar 28]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/17469.html

Electronic mailing list

Like email, messages posted to discussion lists are a form of personal communication and are not included in a reference list. Place within the running text only. The nature and source of the cited information should be identified by an appropriate statement. Place the source information in parentheses, using a term or terms to indicate that the citation is not represented in the reference list. For example:

…and many nurses involved with such cases (Mar 22, 2007 posting by RS Grant to the ANPACC Listserv; unreferenced, see “Notes”) report…

Blog

Messages posted to discussion lists like a blog are considered a form of personal communication and should not be included in a reference list. Place references to such communications within the running text only. The nature and source of the cited information should be identified by an appropriate statement. Place the source information in parentheses, using a term or terms to indicate that the citation is not represented in the reference list. For example:

…and many nurses involved with such cases (Mar 22, 2007 posting by RS Grant to Nurse Studio Blog; unreferenced, see “Notes”) report…

Newspaper or magazine

Online

Author A. Article title. Publication title (Edition if available) [Internet]. Date [cited Date];Section:[page or screen length]. Location

Grady D. Jump in doctor visits and deaths in flu season. New York Times [Internet]. 2008 Apr 18 [cited 2008 Dec 19];Research:[about 4 screens]. Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/18/health/research/18flu.html?scp=7&sq=f lu%20season&st=cse

Print

Author A. Article title. Publication title (Edition if available). Date;Section:Location.

Gaul G. When geography influences treatment options. Washington Post (Maryland Ed.). 2005 Jul 24;Sect. A:12 (col. 1).

No author’s name available

Major decline in U.S. deaths is recorded. New York Times (Washington Final). 2006 Apr 20;Sect. A:14 (col. 6).

Report

Report or Working Paper

Format as for a book reference with the institution or organization in place of the publisher. Include the report series and number if available.

Author B, Author L. Report title. Place: Institution; Year. (Report series; Report number).

National High Blood Pressure Education Program (US). The fourth report on the diagnosis of high blood pressure in children. Rev. ed. Bethesda (MD): National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (US); 2005. (NIH publication; no. 05-5267).

Standard

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC). Measurement and assessment of personal exposures to incoherent optical radiation – part 2: visible and infrared radiation emitted by artificial sources in the workplace. Brussels: CENELEC; 2005. Standard No. EN 14255- 2:2005.

Personal communication

Letter or e-mail

Place references to personal communications such as letters and conversations within the running text, not as formal end references. Include the nature and source of the cited information, using terms to indicate that no corresponding citation is in the reference list. Place the source information in parentheses. For example:

… and most of these proved to be fatal (2003 letter from RS Grant to me; unreferenced, see “Notes”) …

Other reference types

Patent

Inventor AA, inventor; Name of assignee, assignee. Patent name. Patent type Reference number. Date.

Cho ST, inventor; Hospira, Inc., assignee. Microneedles for minimally invasive drug delivery. United States patent US 6,980,855. 2005 Dec 27.

Map

Cartographer AA, cartographer. Title [area covered] [map type]. Place: Publisher; Year. Physical description.

Buchholz D, cartographer. Street map, San Diego, southern area [map]. Oceanside (CA): Global Graphics; 2000. 1 sheet: 1:45,000; 89 x 68.5 cm; color.

Pink bollworm quarantine [Southwestern United States] [map]. Washington (DC): Department of Agriculture (US), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service; 1997. 1 sheet: 18 x 27 cm; color.

Audio and visual media

Baxley N, Dunaway C. Cognition, creativity, and behavior: the Columban simulations [motion picture]. Baxley N, editor and producer. Champaign (IL): Research Press Company; 1982. 1 reel: 30 min., sound, color, 16 mm.

Collaborative research with communities: value added & challenges faced [videocassette]. Washington (DC): Public Health Foundation; 2006. 1 videocassette: 103 min., sound, color, 1/2 in.

Day J. Dying before their time: early death & AIDS [poster]. Farmington (CT): University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Section of Medical Arts & Letters; 1988. 1 poster: color, 14 x 21 in.

Ridley W, engraver. Harvey [print]. London: [publisher unknown]; 1796 May 7. 1 print: black & white, 3 x 5 in.

Database

Online Archive of American Folk Medicine [Internet]. Los Angeles: Regents of the University of California. 1996 – [cited 2007 Feb 1]. Available from: http://www.folkmed.ucla.edu/

Winter RM, Baraitser M. London dysmorphology database [CD-ROM]. IBM PC version 2.0. Oxford: Oxford University Press; c1996. 2 CD-ROMs: 4 3/4 in.

Dictionary of commonly cited compounds [CD-ROM]. CD-ROM ed. Boca Raton (FL): Chapman & Hall/CRC. 2001 – CD-ROMs: 4 3/4 in.

Genusys: database of herbal remedies, aromatherapy, essential oils, vitamins, amino acids, and more! [CD-ROM]. Version 1.4. Solebury (PA): Genusys Laboratories; 1996. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.

Computer program

Author AA, Author BB. Title [type of medium]. Edition. Place: Publisher; Year. Extent: Physical description.

Meader CR, Pribor HC. DiagnosisPro: the ultimate differential diagnosis assistant [CD-ROM]. Version 6.0. Los Angeles (CA): MedTech USA; 2002. 1 CD-ROM: color, 4 3/4 in.

Sport care [CD-ROM]. Release 1.0. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics; c2001. 1 CD-ROM: sound, color, 4 3/4 in. Accompanied by: 1 user manual.

Dataset

Researcher A, Researcher B, Researcher C. Title of dataset: subtitle [dataset]. yyyy Mo dd [cited yyyy Mo dd]. In: Name of Archive/Repository/Database [Internet]. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/XXXXXXXXXX OR https://doi.org/XXXXXXXXXX OR https://[non-DOI URL].

Wang G-Y, Zhu Z-M, Cui S, Wang J-H. Data from: glucocorticoid induces incoordination between glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons in the amygdala [dataset]. 2017 Aug 11 [cited 2017 Dec 22]. In: Dryad Digital Repository [Internet]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.k9q7h.