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DOI: 10.18413/2658-6533-2022-8-3-0-9

Features of postural balance in working women aged 60-69

Background: The formation of the state policy for optimizing healthy and active aging, aimed at creating an incentive for older people to work longer, requires new knowledge about the characteristics of the physical and psychological health of pensioners who continue to work. Over the past eight years, studies aimed at identifying the features of the components of postural balance, including the sensory organization of postural control, in working women of retirement age, including those aged 65 years and older, have practically not been reflected in the domestic scientific literature. The aim of the study: To evaluate the effectiveness of the function of balance and sensory organization of postural control in working women aged 60-69 years. Materials and methods: We examined 153 60-69 years women (mean age 64±2.7 years), who continued to work in their profession after retirement. The first age group consisted of women aged 60-64 (n=84), the second – 65-69 years (n=69). For a comprehensive assessment of the balance components, the Smart Equitest Balance Manager computer complex of dynamic posturography was used. Conducted Sensory Organization Test (SOT). Results: When analyzing the SOT indicators, no statistically significant differences were found between groups of working women, which allows us to conclude that working women aged 65-69 do not show age-related changes in the effectiveness of maintaining and reducing the overall effectiveness of static and statodynamic balance, as well as adaptive, physiological and neurophysiological mechanisms of posture management and control. Also in the study in women after 64 years of age, there is no increase in fluctuations in the center of gravity while maintaining a static and especially static-dynamic balance. In addition, working women aged 65-69 did not show a decrease in the coefficients of participation of somatosensory, visual and vestibular information in balance control, including changes in the sensory integration of postural control. All of these can be seen as predictors of women's ability to continue working safely after age 64. Conclusion: In 60-69-year-old women, satisfaction with their postural balance will determine the confidence and desire to continue successful work, as well as maintain their social and professional status.

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