DOI: 10.18413/2658-6533-2023-9-3-0-10

Dynamics of detection of narcotic compounds for 2013-2021: a case study of the Republic of Bashkortostan

Background: The consumption of psychoactive substances remains an urgent problem for modern society. The convenient geographical location on the way from China to central Russia and Europe makes Bashkiria an interesting region for studying the epidemiology of drug use detection. Despite the availability of various research methods, at the moment there are not so many works on the study of drug addiction of the population based on direct signs – the number of substances detected in samples taken from persons undergoing narcological examination. The aim of the study: To evaluate the dynamics of detected groups of psychoactive substances among the population of the Republic of Bashkortostan for 2013-2021 according to laboratory studies. Materials and methods: Biological samples of 27 022 people aged 18 to 65 years were studied by the immunochromatographic method. The study sample included 2 971 females and 24 051 males. The study was conducted on the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan in 2013-2021. Confirmatory chemical and toxicological studies to determine the presence of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in the biomaterial were conducted on the basis of the clinical diagnostic laboratory of the Republican Clinical Narcological Dispensary of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Data processing was carried out by methods of parametric statistics. Results: The paper shows the dynamics, quantitative and qualitative trends in the detection of substances. The distribution of identified drug users by year was as follows: 2013 – 3 003; 2014 – 3 849; 2015 – 2 721; 2016 – 3 580; 2017 – 3 806; 2018 – 3 104; 2019 – 2 375; 2020 – 1 943; 2021 – 2 641. There are more men than women among the identified drug users. Age-related consumption patterns were found: younger drug users prefer cannabinoids, older users prefer opiates and sedatives. The most common psychoactive substances are psychostimulants (synthetic cathinones) and cannabinoids. The consumption of one narcotic substance is more common than polyconsumption. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the level of consumption of narcotic substances on the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan is not decreasing, only its structure is changing. The presented data are of an overview nature and require further in-depth study.

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